Geoff Walden

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Reichsadler / Hoheitsadler

Third Reich Eagles Remaining Today on Period Structures

 

   The Third Reich government adopted the eagle as a national symbol (Hoheitszeichen), in common with previous German governments and several other European countries. Originally, the design was to show the eagle's head facing to its right when used as a national symbol, and to its left when used as a Nazi Party symbol, but this convention was not always followed. The eagle's claws were to grasp a wreath of oak leaves surrounding a swastika.

   Most government and Party buildings, and some other architectural projects such as Autobahn bridges built during the Nazi period featured the Reichs Eagle Hoheitszeichen as a prominent decoration. In spite of a series of proclamations and orders from the Allied Occupation Forces in 1945-46, forbidding the wearing or display of Nazi uniforms or insignia, and ordering the removal of Nazi monuments, statues, and street signs, a number of these Reichs Eagles remain today (most are missing their swastikas, but not all).

Destroying Nazi Eagles in 1945 - left - Mauthausen Concentration Camp, Austria.  (U.S. National Archives)

   This page lists some of these remaining Reichs Eagles - a notation of "unconfirmed" means I have not seen the eagle myself, or a recent photo of it. This list shows only those architectural eagles made of stone or metal - not painted examples (there are many of these remaining, especially inside bunkers of the Westwall and air raid bunkers). This listing is far from complete - anyone with info or photos of additional Nazi Eagles that can still be seen today, or who can confirm those in the list below, is invited to contact the author at:  walden01(at)comcast.net.

   This page also contains a section featuring Gerald Stephenson's photos from the mid-1970s. Many of the Reichs Eagles photographed by Gerald no longer exist today, making this section an important historical document. Click here to visit this section.

   This section of the page shows swastikas and other Nazi symbols that still exist on buildings and other structures.

 

GERMANY

Alzey  --  Eagle over the entrance to the Finanzamt on Römerstraße.
  

Amberg  --  At the entrance to the former Ritter-Von-Möhl Kaserne (U.S. Army Pond Barracks) - This Eagle used to be on the side of the gate building, but was removed and installed as a monument (see Gerald Stephenson's 1970s photo below).

(courtesy Robert Thompson)

Attendorn  --  Eagle over the entrance to the post office.
  
(courtesy Stefan Trepel)

Augsburg  --  Landratsamt, Prinzregentenstraße - Eagle over the front entrance of the building.
  

Augsburg  --  government building at Reinöhlstraße 72 - well-preserved Eagle on a side wing.
    

Bad Hersfeld  --  Former motorcycle troops Kaserne - Eagle on a building beside the main headquarters building.

Bad Kreuznach  --  Former Hindenburg Kaserne (later U.S. Army Rose Barracks) - slate decorations above the roof windows with Eagles that once had swastikas, Iron Cross, Pour le Merite (Blue Max), sword and oak leaf designs, and the Bad Kreuznach coat of arms.
        
        

Bad Reichenhall  --  Ritter-von-Tutschek Kaserne (or Gen. Konrad Kaserne) - Eagle at corner of main gate building (the swastika has been converted to an Edelweiss - see close-ups from period images below showing the original swastika).
        
                                                                                                                                                                      (courtesy Stewart McCartney)

Berchtesgaden-Stanggass  --  Kanzlei - Eagle over main entry doorway (swastika was removed).
     

Berchtesgaden-Strub  --  Gebirgsjäger Kaserne - Eagle over pedestrian entryway (swastika was changed to an Edelweiss).
  

Bergen-Hohne  --  Kaserne Offiziers Heim - Eagle and soldiers over entry doorway.
   (courtesy Stewart McCartney)

Bergen-Hohne  --  This Eagle with a nearly intact swastika is on the wall of a former kaserne.
   (courtesy Stewart McCartney)

Berlin  --  Tempelhof Airport - Six Eagles appear at the corners of buildings in the Tempelhof complex (Police and government offices). (see also below)
     
(photo courtesy Mark Grootendorst)           (author's photo)                      (photo courtesy Don Hardman)

Berlin  --  Administration building for Fritz Todt's Armaments Ministry (now the Gauarbeitsamt) - Friedrichsstraße 34-37 - Eagle on top of the building.
     
(photos and info courtesy Mark Grootendorst)

Berlin  --  Finanzamt, Bismarckstraße 48, Charlottenburg - Eagle above the entrance doorway. The swastika is said to remain beneath the number sign. (info courtesy Mark Grootendorst, Chris Hockley, and Thomas Krueger)  Note: in late 2006 the number sign was removed, and some sort of material filling the area where the swastika was carved could be seen.
     
(photos courtesy Chris Hockley and Thomas Krueger)                                      (author's photo)

Berlin  --  Reichssportsfeld - At the entrance to the Haus des Deutschen Sports complex adjacent to the Olympic grounds is an "Adlerhof" with two pylons with golden Eagles on them, in front of the entry building. These were Third Reich period Eagles, but not really Reichsadlers - not the government style, and without swastikas. However, a nearby stone pylon does have a Nazi Eagle.
  
Above - female athletes parade at the Haus des Deutschen Sports Adlerhof in 1936.
  
The Nazi eagle at the sports complex.

Berlin-Lichterfelde  --  Postamt Hindenburgdamm - There is an Eagle with folded wings at a corner of the building.
  

Berlin-Spandau  --  former Beseler Kaserne - Eagle above an entry doorway.

(courtesy Stewart McCartney)

Berlin-Spandau  --  Former Schmidt-Knobelsdorf-Kaserne (BAOR Wavell Barracks) -  There is a much-defaced Eagle on a pylon at the entry gateway.
  
Below - Period photos showing what this eagle originally looked like (Bundesarchiv)
  

Berlin-Spandau  --  Fort Hahneberg - a Nazi Eagle (now headless) with swastika was added to this 18th-century fortification's main entrance during the Third Reich period.
  

Berlin-Wedding  --  Amtsgericht - This Reichsadler appears on the ornate Amtsgericht building in the Berlin suburb of Wedding.
  

Bochum-Werne  --  Boltestraße 38 - Eagle above the door of an air raid bunker - see http://www.dienstagstreff.de/de/ditreff/hq/index.php3.
  (photo from www.dienstagtreff.de)

Böblingen  --  Panzer Kaserne - Housing Office, Bldg. 3162 - Eagle above entry doorway.
  
(photos courtesy Greg Schelesky)

Böblingen  --  Panzer Kaserne - Bldg. 2948 - Eagle above entry doorway.
  
(photos courtesy Greg Schelesky)

Böblingen Panzer Kaserne, from a period postcard, showing the Eagle seen above. (courtesy Jim Cobbs)

Böblingen  --  former Customs Office, Mühlbachstrasse - Eagle above entry doorway
  
(www.panoramio.com/photos/original/15884104.jpg, courtesy Joachim)

Bremen  --  on Sogestrasse at the corner of Herdentorswallstrasse - Eagle above an entry doorway (possibly not a Third Reich eagle?).

(courtesy Robin Hull)

Bremerhaven  --  Zollamt Rotersand - Eagle at the corner of the building with date 1936. The outline of the swastika can be clearly seen within the wreath.
  
(photos courtesy Kyle Ray)

Burg Pyrmont  --  Near Burg Eltz, in the Mosel River region - Eagle on a column of local basalt near a small chapel in the valley below Burg Pyrmont (does anyone know the history of this Eagle - why was it placed there?).
     
(thanks to Mark Glebke for pointing this Eagle out to me, and for the first photo)

Butzbach  --  Schloss Kaserne - Eagle above side doorway of the Schloss, which was formerly used as a Kaserne.
  

Darmstadt  --  Technical University on Lilienthalstraße in Griesheim - Eagle on the side of a wind tunnel building, with the dates 1934-1935.
  
(photos above copyright Frank Backes; close-up below courtesy Greg Pitty)

Darmstadt  --  Technische Universität on the Herrngarten in Kranichstein - Eagle over the main entrance to the university complex.
  
(photos courtesy Greg Pitty)

Darmstadt  --  Technische Universität on the Herrngarten in Kranichstein - Eagle over the entrance of Building S2/02.
     
(photos from FabalaTD collection, www.flickr.com/photos/tduong/1779968366/; courtesy Greg Pitty)

Defersdorf (near Schwabach)  --  at the gate of a former Luftwaffe signals post - Eagle with the inscription
"Erbaut Unter der Regierung [Adolf Hitler] im Jahre 1936" (Hitler's name was removed and the swastika was apparently altered,
although it does not appear to have been a normal swastika, and may have been a Sonnenrad).
  

Dortmund  --  Finanzamt, Märkische Straße 124 - Eagle above the main entrance doorway.
  

Düsseldorf  --  Goethestrasse - Eagle on building façade.
  
(photos courtesy Thorsten Hackemack)

Düsseldorf  --  Polizeipräsidium - Eagle on a corner of the building, covered with a modern plaque stating "All People Are Equal Before the Law."
  
(photos courtesy Thomas Schell and Monika Beutling; copyright www.westwallinfo.de)

Düsseldorf  --  Polizeipräsidium - This Eagle is above an entrance doorway.

(courtesy Thorsten Hackemack)

Erding  --  (near Munich) - Eagle with the swastika removed on a public works building in the city park.

(courtesy Tim Heck)

Erlangen  --  Amtsgericht, Sieboltstraße 2 - Eagle over main doorway (sculptor Walter Bischoff).
     

Erlangen  --  Friedrich-Rückert-Schule, Memelstraße/Ohmplatz - Eagle above side doorway - in this example, the sculptor Walter Bischoff showed the Hoheitszeichen being held up by two school children.
  
  

Erwitte  --  DAF Schule, Horst Wessel Halle (near the Schloss) - Eagle on front of building (sculptor Willy Meller).
  
  
(period photos from Architektur und Bauplastik der Gegenwart by Werner Rittich (1938)

Esslingen  --  Reichsbank - a large Eagle on the front, smaller Eagles on the ends of the building (swastikas removed)  (unconfirmed).
(Thanks to Markus Laux for the following info - This "Esslingen" is apparently a misidentification of Eislingen, near Stuttgart, where there is a Reichsbank with eagles as described, but they are an older style that pre-dates the Third Reich.)

Eschwege  --  Reportedly there are two Reichsadlers - one at the Bundespolizei Kaserne, and one at the former Fliegerhorst (Industriehof). Does anyone have photos for this webpage?

Feldberg (Schwarzwald)  --  Parkplatz on highway B317 on the Feldberg Mountain - Eagle on a wall commemorating the completion of a Third Reich construction project with dates 1938-1939.

(courtesy  Florian Lütscher)

Forchheim  --  This Eagle with removed swastika is over the main entrance to the Bahnhof (train station).
     

Frankfurt am Main  --  Gibbs Barracks, Marbach Weg - Eagle over building doorway. This eagle was removed ca. 2010 - thanks to Greg Pitty for info.
     

Frankfurt am Main - Hainerhof  --  1938-dated Eagle on a former government building.
  
(courtesy lostplaces.freundhein.de, www.freundhein.de)

Frankfurt am Main - Praunheim  --  Luftschutz Bunker (air raid shelter) near Heerstraße - Eagle on corner of bunker.
  
(courtesy Alexandros Stavridis)

Garmisch-Partenkirchen  --  Krafft von Dellmensingen Kaserne, Marshall Center - This Eagle with its swastika modified to an Iron Cross is at the corner of a gate building.
      (photos courtesy Marko Sijan, Croatia)

Garmisch-Partenkirchen  --  former Standart Lazarett (garrison hospital); used by the US Army post-1945 as the Abrams Hotel. An Eagle with medical cherubs was painted over the entrance.
     
(modern photo courtesy Robert Newton; period photos from Gerdy Troost, Das Bauen im Neuen Reich, Vol. 2, Bayreuth, 1943)

Hamburg  --  Hafenbunker - between the U-Bahn Station St.Pauli-Landungsbrücken and the U-Bahn Station Baumwall
     
http://www.bildarchiv-hamburg.de/hamburg/gebaeude/bunker/index90.htm
http://fhh.hamburg.de/stadt/Aktuell/behoerden/kulturbehoerde/archiv/denkmalschutz/
objekte-unter-denkmalschutz/mitte/vorsetzen-70.html

Hamburg  --  Arningstraße Bunker
  
http://www.hojobeck.de/index.html

Hamburg  --  Billhornerbrückenstraße Bunker - Röhrendamm
     
http://www.bildarchiv-hamburg.de/hamburg/gebaeude/bunker/index991.htm
http://www.hojobeck.de/index.html

Hamburg  --  Hasselbrook Bunker, at the S-Bahnhof
     
http://www.bildarchiv-hamburg.de/hamburg/gebaeude/bunker/index97.htm
http://www.hojobeck.de/index.html

Hamburg  --  Wiesendamm Bunker, at the Barmbek Bahnhof
     
http://www.bildarchiv-hamburg.de/hamburg/gebaeude/bunker/index98.htm
http://www.hojobeck.de/index.html

Hamburg  --  University Clinic - Eagle above entry doorway. Eagle gone, building demolished - thanks to Greg Pitty for info.
  
(photos courtesy Fred Holst, Hamburg)

Hamburg  --  Former Lettow-Vorbeck Kaserne - There is an Eagle at a corner of one of the barracks buildings, along with period decorations of helmets, rifles, grenades, gas masks, iron crosses, and flags that once had swastikas. (photos at center and right below courtesy Greg Pitty)
     
(Kaserne photo by Heiko Möhle and Martin Spruijt, from http://offene-kartierung.de/wiki/go?DerSogenannteTansaniaPark#11_Ehemaliger_Eingangsbereich_mit_Reichsadler)

Hamburg  --  Glinde - About 15km east of Hamburg - a monument with a Reichs Eagle (unconfirmed). (This may be a confusion with a 1901-vintage eagle on a Bismarck monument near Glinde (Reinbek-Silk) - thanks to Phil Beckett for this info.)

Hannover  --  Maschsee - There is an Eagle on a pylon along the north shore of the Maschsee, commemorating its construction from 1934-36. The sculpture on top of the pylon is a 1937 work "Fackelträger," representing the Olympic torch-bearer.
  
(photos courtesy Michael Siemon; info courtesy Jan-Hendrik von Stemm)

Heidelberg  --  Campbell Barracks (former Großdeutschland Kaserne) - two Eagles at the main entry gate, one of which reportedly still has its swastika (covered over with the insignia shield).
        
(courtesy Gerald Stephenson)

Heilbronn  --  Rosenberg Bridge - Third Reich Eagle on a bridge pylon (another pylon has an Imperial Eagle). The Eagle originally held a wreath in its talons, but most has been chipped away.
  
(courtesy Dominik Stockmann)

Herrsching  --  Finance School building - large Eagle over main entryway.
  

Hillersleben  --  Eagle in the masonry of the main gate of the Wehrmacht ordnance test facility.
     
(courtesy Daniel Keweloh; post-war photo under Soviet occupation on right)

Holzminden  --  Eagle on a pylon at a former Kaserne gate.
  
(photos courtesy Stewart McCartney)

Idar-Oberstein  --  Partially defaced Eagle at the gate of the former Strassburg Kaserne.
  (info courtesy Timothy Lopez)

Kaiserslautern  --  Panzer Kaserne - Eagle with head and swastika removed, over Command building entrance.
  (info courtesy Michael Currin)

Kassel  --  This Eagle appears on a building that may have been a post office during the Third Reich.
  (courtesy Jim Trotman)

Kiel  --  This Eagle is on a house owned by the German Navy, near the harbor.
  (courtesy Nico H.)

Koblenz  --  Reichsbankfiliale, Neustadt 6 - Eagle above the entry doorway.
  

Krefeld  --  This Eagle (now headless) is on a building on the former Bradbury Barracks.

(courtesy Stewart McCartney)

Künzelsau  --  Bruder-Grimm-Schule, Schulstraße - Eagle preserved and restored above the entry doorway. Also preserved was the motto "Nichts für Uns - Alles für Deutschland" (Nothing for Us, All for Germany), in the wooden beam above the Eagle.
     

Lauffen am Neckar  --  Neckar River locks - Eagle above a doorway of the lock building.

(courtesy Dominik Stockmann)

Lenggries  --  Former Prinz-Heinrich-Kaserne - Eagle on a pylon that used to be at the main gate (see period postcard below), but is now on the parade ground.
     
(photos and info courtesy John Mann)

Lenggries  --  Former Prinz-Heinrich-Kaserne - Imperial Eagle that had a wreathed swastika added, replaced by the Bavarian colors.
  
(courtesy John Mann)

Lohr am Main  --  Forsthaus (Am Forsthof Straße) - sandstone Eagle taking flight in front of the main entryway.
  

Mainz  --  This Eagle is on a Third Reich period building on Schillerstraße.

(courtesy Jerry Irick)

Mainz-Kastel  --  Corner of Dyckerhoffstraße and Wiesbadener Straße - Eagle on a pylon.
     
(courtesy Jerry Irick)

Marburg  --  Eagle on the Hessian State Archives building.

Marburg  --  Eagle on a corner of a building at the former Jägerkaserne (defaced with paint in this photo)

Minden  --  Former Gneisenau Kaserne (Elizabeth Kaserne under British use) - the Eagle (somewhat damaged over the years) was left on the gate pylon when the swastika and "Vaterland" were removed.
  
(photos courtesy Stewart McCartney; period photo from the Stadtarchiv Minden; for more photos see the Forgotten History page)

Minden  --  Former Gneisenau Kaserne (Elizabeth Kaserne under British use) - Eagle as part of decorative statuary around a doorway (see also below).
  
(photos courtesy Stewart McCartney; for more photos see the Forgotten History page)

Münster  --  Kaserne building, over an entry doorway.
  
(courtesy Michael Don Gross)

Münster  --  Hautklinik medical building - Eagle in the pediment.
  
(courtesy Michael Don Gross)

Munich  --  Oberfinanzpräsidium (Landesfinanzamt), Sophienstraße 6 - Eagle over main entry archways.
     
(photos courtesy Keith Ball and Ralf Hornberger; period image from Frau Prof. Gerdy Troost,
"Das Bauen im neuen Reich," Vol. 2, Bayreuth, 1943
)

Munich  --  Bavarian Nationalmuseum, Prinzregentenstraße - Eagle above side doorway.
     (photos courtesy Ralf Hornberger)

Munich  --  former Nazi Party offices, Schellingstraße 50 - Eagle above the doorway (now missing its head).
  

Munich  --  Luftgaukommando, Prinzregentenstraße - This eagle with the swastika partly removed is located above an inner doorway (info and photos courtesy 3rmedals@free.fr). (see also below)
  
  

Munich  --  former Funk-Kaserne - Eagle at entry gateway.

Munich  --  Air raid shelter at Gaißacherstraße and Thalkirchnerstraße - decapitated Eagle above the doorway.

(courtesy Tim Heck)

Murnau  --  1935-dated Eagle on a train bridge.

(courtesy John Mann)

Murnau  --  former Panzer Kaserne (now the Werdenfelser Kaserne) - Eagle with its swastika replaced by a unit shield.
  
(courtesy John Mann)

Nürnberg  --  Hotel Carlton - when the Fränkischer Hof hotel was rebuilt in the 1990s, original coats-of-arms shields were placed back on the façade of the new building - one of these shows an Eagle with the swastika only partly removed.
  

Nürnberg  --  former Reichsbahndirektion, Sandstrasse 34a - Eagle with the date 1938 above the doorway.
    

Pelzerhaken  --  Lighthouse - metal Eagle with date 1936.
     
(photos from http://www.luechthuus.de/archiv/adac/Aufgabe17.htm)

Potsdam  --  former Ruinenbergkaserne - Eagle inlaid in the brickwork of a barracks building wall (restored).
  

Rheinhausen (suburb of Duisburg)  --  This Eagle appears on the Rathaus (town hall).

(courtesy Paul Tscherne)

Rothenburg o.d.Tauber  --  Finanzamt, Ludwig-Siebert-Straße 31 - Eagle above main doorway.
     

Schleswig  --  Eagle above the Finanzamt entry, Suadicanistraße 1.

(courtesy Paul Tscherne)

Schwäbisch-Hall  --  Two adjacent bank buildings on Sparkassenplatz have Third Reich Eagles on their exterior walls (the first building was formerly the Post).
  
  

Schwäbisch-Hall  --  Former U.S. Army Dolan Barracks (Flugplatz) - The former Recreation Center building (now housing) has this Eagle with oak leaf decorations above a side wing doorway.
  

Schwebenried  --  Near Schweinfurt - The Gasthaus zum schwarzen Adler has an Eagle that certainly appears to have once had a swastika in its claws. It could be that this was added to an earlier eagle that decorated the "Black Eagle Guesthouse," as this Eagle does not really appear to be in the Nazi style.
 
(courtesy Greg Pitty)

Schweigen-Rechtenbach  --  Deutsches Weintor - Reichs Eagle with swastika partially effaced, by a sculptor named Imanuel.
  
(thanks to Marco Spadafora for info; photos courtesy Greg Pitty; see also below)

Schweinfurt  --  Panzer Kaserne (now U.S. Army Ledward Barracks) - large Eagle on main gate building.
  

Schweinfurt  --  Flugplatz (now U.S. Army Conn Barracks) - Luftwaffe Eagle on main gate building, another Luftwaffe Eagle on a bunker near the airfield. (A barracks building also has a painting of the Nazi coat of arms for Munich, complete with Reichsadler (swastika painted over.)
  

Schweinfurt  --  Side building of a former Hitler Youth school on Wilhelm-Leuschner-Str. - Eagle dated 1937 above the side doorway (the head is painted green and may have been replaced).
  

Speyer  --  Wilhelmsbau (Technical Museum) - Golden Eagles that appear to have originally has swastikas (although the building was built before the Third Reich period, it was used for military purposes from 1937-1945, and these Eagles may have been added during that time; photos courtesy Greg Pitty)
     

Straubing  --  This Eagle on the riverside is part of a stone bastion built ca. 1941 as a viewpoint overlooking the Danube River.
        

Stuttgart  --  Grenadier Kaserne - Eagle at the main entry (this is now a housing area).

(photo courtesy David Quayle)

Stuttgart  --  Government building at Lautenschlager Straße 24 - Eagle with the swastika removed from beneath (part of a period sculpture of workers).
     
(courtesy Steffen Krockenberger; thanks to Robert Domic for info)

Ulm  --  Eagle above a doorway at the former Eich-Amt on G-Hauptmann-Weg.

(photo courtesy T.G. Fisher)

Ulm  --  Eagle above a doorway of a building (the writing where the swastika used to be is modern graffiti).

(photo courtesy Kernbeisser)

Villingen-Schwenningen  --  Former SS Headquarters, now the Rathaus at Marktplatz 7 - Eagle in the ironwork above the entry doorway.
  
(photos courtesy Christian Maier)

Villingen-Schwenningen  --  Former hospital, now the Friedenschule on Mozartstraße in Ortsteil Schwenningen - Eagle above the doorway.
     
(photos and info courtesy Christian Maier)

Vogelsang  --  Former Order Castle (Ordensburg) in the Eifel region - Eagle on a wall above the Assembly Square; Eagle by Willy Meller as part of a sculpture on the Sports Field; one of the Eagles that were once on either side of the entrance building is now in the Adlerhof.
  

(left and lower photos courtesy Thomas Schell and Monika Beutling; copyright www.westwallinfo.de)

Webenheim  --  Kriegerdenkmal.
  
(photos courtesy Greg Pitty)

Wentorf  --  At the former entrance to the Bismarck Kaserne (1936-37), on the Südring (near Hamburg).
  
(photos and info courtesy Phil Beckett)

Werl  --  This Eagle is on the main post office in Werl. A swastika that was beneath it has been removed.

(photo courtesy Dominic Hallgate)

Wolfenbüttel  --  Northampton Barracks - Eagle dated 1936 on a monument at an entrance to the post.
   (photo courtesy Mike Furlong)

Würzburg  --  Nordkaserne - Eagle at corner of main gate building.
  

 


AUSTRIA

Hallwang  --  Autobahn underpasses - two Eagles with 1939 date (swastikas removed).
Note - These Eagles were removed in April 2009.
  
  

Innsbruck  --  Landhaus - Wilhelm-Greil-Straße - Eagle on front of building.

(from http://www.abendgym.tsn.at/ns_ibk/landhaus.html)

Vienna  --  A1 Autobahn bridges - Eagles with 1939 and 1941 dates.
  
(photos donated)

Villach  --  A10 Autobahn bridge - Eagle with 1938 date.

(photo donated)


HONORABLE MENTIONS

Eagles that no longer appear in their original locations, or that no longer exist but still have visible remains, or that did not originally have swastikas (and thus not Hoheitsadlers), or not actual architectural eagles.

Ainring (Bad Reichenhall)  --  Former Nazi airfield administration building (now a Polizei training school) - This iron Eagle grasping a snake in its claws appears above the entry doorway.

(courtesy Klaus Finnemann)

Berlin  --  The new Reichs Chancellery (Reichskanzlei) featured several stone and metal Eagles as Hoheitszeichen, by sculptor Kurt Schmid-Ehmen. Some of these were taken by the victorious Allies in 1945 and can still be seen today in museums.
     
The bronze Eagle above appeared above the doorway entering the Vorhalle from the Ehrenhof. Today this Eagle is in the Central Museum of the Soviet Armed Forces in Moscow.  (period postcard courtesy Greg Walden; center photo - LIFE Collections)
  
The bronze Eagle above was further inside the Chancellery, above the doorway leading to the Runder Saal from the Mosaiksaal. It can be seen today in the Imperial War Museum in London.
(courtesy Jacqueline Wilson)
  
The Eagle above the doorway on the other side of the Runder Saal (on the Marmorgalerie side) is in the U.S. Air Force Museum in Dayton, Ohio (although it is no longer displayed as seen above).  (courtesy Dan Courtney)

Berlin  --  Tempelhof Airport - A large metal Eagle was displayed on the top of the terminal building. This Eagle was removed in the 1960s and the head was sent to the USA, but was returned in the 1980s and now sits on a stone plinth in front of the terminal in "Eagle Square."
     
(photo courtesy Mark Grootendorst)    (photo courtesy Don Hardman)                   (author's photo)
   Russian soldiers pose with the eagle on top of the Tempelhof terminal building in May 1945.

Berlin  --  Luftfahrtsministerium - This eagle was reportedly removed from the Luftfahrtsministerium building. It is now on display near the Führerbunker site. (Does anyone have any more info on this display?)

(photo courtesy Hans)

Euskirchen  --  Kaserne - This Eagle may now be on display in the Haus der Geschichte museum in Bonn (unconfirmed). See http://www.dhm.de/lemo/objekte/pict/Nachkriegsjahre_reichsadlerEntnazifiziert/ .
   (photo from www.dhm.de/lemo)

Goch  --  This Luftwaffe Eagle with the date 1944 was found carved into a tree in the Hochwald.
  
(courtesy Thorsten Hackemack)

Grafenwöhr  --  Kaserne - an Eagle above a doorway on Bldg. 621 apparently never had a swastika, but a helmet above another doorway partially covers a swastika.
  

Munich  --  Kongreßsaal of the Deutsches Museum (Haus der Deutschen Technik) - This building was erected, with Eagles at each roof corner, in 1935-36, but these Eagles did not have swastikas.
  

Munich  --  Oberfinanzpräsidium, Sophienstraße 6 (see above) - This Reich-style Eagle perches on the Bavarian coat of arms - it never had a swastika.

Neustadt an der Weinstraße  --  This Eagle on a pillar near the stadium was emplaced in 1941, but apparently did not have a swastika.
      (photo courtesy Tim Heck)

Nürnberg  --  Umspannwerk - Regensburger Straße - the outlines where the Eagles were applied to each end of the building can still be plainly seen (period photos from 1937).
        

Salzburg (Austria)  --  Schloss Klessheim - two Eagles at entrance gateway (these Eagles were installed during the period 1940-42, but they never had swastikas associated with them).
  

Schweinfurt  --  Willy Sachs Stadion - This Eagle on top of a stone pylon at the entrance to the stadium complex was part of the 1935-36 construction, but it never had a swastika. It was by Ludwig Gies, who later designed the "Fat Chicken" Eagle that can be seen today in the Bundestag chamber of the Reichstag building in Berlin.
  

 


Deutsches Reich Höhenmärken  --  These iron survey markers can be found on churches and public buildings in the following cities (if any reader knows of any similar markers, please send an e-mail to the page author at:  walden 01 @ comcast.net (take out the spaces on either side of the @).
        
Aschaffenburg (courtesy Mike Davis)     Michelstadt (courtesy Karl Asmus)
       
Schweinfurt - Heilig Geist Kirche           Würzburg - Residenz (thanks to Uwe Hartung for the info)
       
Passau - Cathedral (courtesy Jörn Baier)  Worms - Cathedral (photo donated)
       
Soest - Cathedral (courtesy Markus       Warnemünde - church 
Henschel & Dieter Wieneke)                  (courtesy Stephen Hicks)
       
Bischofsheim/Rhön - Zentturm                Schwäbisch-Hall - Grundschule
(courtesy Chris Thomas)                        (courtesy Michael Don Gross)
       
Stuttgart-Vaihingen - Rathaus                 Schorndorf - Rathaus
(courtesy Steffen Krockenberger)          (courtesy Cedo Radanovic)

Ravensburg - Blaserturm
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Ravensburg_Blaserturm_H%C3%B6henmarke.jpg
(photo by Andreas Praefcke, courtesy Joachim)

Breisach am Rhein - north side of the church.
Öhringen (Swabia) - main church with clock tower.
Waiblingen - Karolinger-Schule.

 


GERMANY (no longer remaining?)

Frankfurt am Main  --  Drake-Edwards Kaserne - The front gate of Drake Kaserne used to have Eagles at each side and swastikas in the decorative ironwork of the gate itself; and two Eagles with the date 1937 on a building of Edwards Kaserne, but I believe all of this has been removed - can anyone confirm this? Nov. 2006 note - I have visited these sites myself, and indeed, these relics are now gone (Edwards Kaserne has been torn down).
        
(photos courtesy Doug Stanley and Gerald Stephenson)

Karlsruhe  --  Rheinkaserne - An Eagle with swastika appeared on a building by a former gate - the swastika was still present into the 1960s, when the Kaserne was U.S. Army Gerszewski Barracks. The swastika was later removed, and the entire Kaserne was torn down a few years ago (thanks to Marco Spadafora for confirmation).
  
(from the U.S. Army in Germany site)

Munich  --  This eagle on a public building was photographed by the Heinrich Hoffmann firm sometime after the end of the war (1946?) - the swastika has been chipped off. Does anyone know where this eagle was, and if it still exists? (This photo may be misidentified as a Munich photo - this really looks like the eagle on the Hafenbunker in Hamburg (see above.)

(Bavarian State Library)

Nürnberg  --  I have been told that a hotel building near the center of the Altstadt - perhaps just south of the Marktplatz - has a Reichs Eagle with the swastika covered over, but still visible. I couldn't find it - can anyone confirm this?

Rothenburg o.d.Tauber  --  I have read that there is a Reichs Eagle on the Sparkasse building on Kapellenplatz - I couldn't find it - can anyone confirm this?

Schweinfurt  --  This Eagle with partially-removed swastika was in a shield above the front entrance to the Schweinfurt Panzer Kaserne HQs building (now U.S. Army Ledward Barracks) until about 2010. The shield now displays the Pzkw I tank, but no Eagle.

 


OTHER SYMBOLS

A few stylized swastikas and other Nazi symbols surprisingly remain today on buildings in Germany.

Baumholder  --  This stone swastika remains in the wall of a building on U.S. Army H.D. Smith Barracks. The building was renovated in 2013 and the swastika was altered, but is still recognizable.
        
2005 appearance (photo donated)      2013 appearance                                  The swastika is located just to the upper right of the small window.

Bavaria  --  Somewhere along a road in Bavaria is this period swastika carved into the stones of the retaining wall (I can't say where it is, because the authorities might do away with it if it were publicized).
   (thanks to the friend who donated this photo!)

Berlin  --  Bendlerblock former Wehrmacht HQs building - part of the wooden parquet flooring in the display area forms a swastika motif.
  (courtesy Greg Pitty)

Berlin  --  Humboldt University - stylized swastikas in a staircase.
  (courtesy Nico H.)

Berlin  --  The bronze bell for the 1936 Olympics had swastikas cast into either side, and these were not entirely removed (or covered over) after the war. The original bell is now on display outside the Olympic Stadium.
     

Dortmund  --  A public swimming pool has a decoration with stylized swastikas.
  
(courtesy Stefan Trepel)

Koblenz  --  Reichsbankfiliale, Neustadt 6 - Panels above the windows contain stylized swastikas.

Köln (Cologne)  --  The famous Dom (Cathedral) reportedly has a swastika and the date 1935 on one of the spires (not visible from the ground?).

Landstuhl  --  In a forest near Landstuhl is (or was in the early 1990s) a dam with a swastika and the date 1937. Removed ca. 1998 - thanks to Larry Roche for info.
     (courtesy Rick Davis)

Mannheim  --  This stylized sword with the date 1939 and a swastika are part of a cast-iron stairway railing in a barracks building.
     (courtesy Vincent "Srdj" Brown)

Minden  --  Former Gneisenau Kaserne (Elizabeth Kaserne under British use) - In addition to Eagles, the Gneisenau Kaserne complex features period decorations of helmets dated 1935, and flags that once had swastikas.  (photo courtesy Greg Pitty)

Munich  --  Haus der Deutschen Kunst - These interlocked swastikas appear in mosaics on the ceiling spaces between the pillars on the outside of the building.

Munich  --  Luftgaukommando, Prinzregentenstraße - These ironwork swastikas appear on windows on the Oettinger Straße side.

Munich  --  A building on Marstraße has a relief of interlocked swastikas.
   (photo courtesy Tim Heck)

Munich  --  "Hakenkreuzhaus" - in 1934 an existing building at Hanfstaenglstraße 16-20 was converted to a swastika shape, which is still plainly visible from the air. (The original Munich "Hakenkreuzhaus" at Donaustraße 25-31 was rebuilt to a different configuration after the war.) (image from Google Earth)

Sassnitz  --  The Bahnhof (train station) floor still shows a swastika border, only partially changed after the war. Removed ca. 2008 - thanks for Greg Pitty for info.
   (photo courtesy Stephen Hicks)

Schweigen-Rechtenbach  --  Deutsches Weintor - The 1936-dated wooden arcade pillars retain carvings of runes, Sonnenrad (sunwheel) symbols, and even stylized swastikas.
  
(photos courtesy Greg Pitty)
  

Veltheim  --  The World War I memorial was erected in 1936, and had a swastika that has been only partially removed.
  

Undisclosed  --  This stone helmet decoration on the grave marker of a Third Reich officer clearly shows the swastika insignia.
    (many thanks to the friend of this webpage who submitted this!)

Undisclosed  --  This unaltered Luftwaffe insignia remains on a pilot's grave marker.
    (many thanks to the friend of this webpage who submitted this!)

Undisclosed  --  This bunker in the western part of Germany has a swastika over the doorway, only partly removed.
     (courtesy Stefan Trepel)

Vogelsang  --  There is a swastika inlaid into the floor of the Ehrenhalle ("Cult Room") of the castle tower at the Ordensburg Vogelsang.
   (photo courtesy Ralf Hornberger)

Wewelsburg  --  SS "Honor Castle" - A swastika appears in the Crypt dome of the North Tower of the castle, and partially-effaced SS runes appear on a small guardhouse outside the castle.
            
(Crypt dome photo courtesy Mike Davis)

  
A Sonnenrad (Sunwheel) of Siegrunen (Victory Runes) appears in the floor of the "Supreme Leaders Hall" of the North Tower.

Poland  --  This water sluice near the Oder-Warthe-Bogen has a swastika and the date 1934 on the front face.
  
(courtesy Thomas Schell and Monika Beutling; copyright www.westwallinfo.de)

Poland  --  This bunker ruin in the Pommernstellung near Tuczno had a swastika on its roof (now collapsed).
  
(courtesy Thomas Schell, www.ostwallinfo.de)

 

My thanks to the following individuals who have generously provided information and/or photos for this page - Karl Asmus, Frank Backes, Keith Ball, Jörn Baier, Phil Beckett, Monika Beutling, Jim Cobbs, Dan Courtney, Michael Currin, Mike Davis, Rick Davis, Dirk Deichmann, Robert Domic, Klaus Finnemann, T.G. Fisher, Hugh Foster, Detlev Frye, Mike Furlong, Mark Glebke, Mark Grootendorst, Michael Don Gross, Nico H., Thorsten Hackemack, Dominic Hallgate, Don Hardman, Roy Harrison, Uwe Hartung, Tim Heck, Stephen Hicks, Chris Hockley, Fred Holst, Ralf Hornberger, Robin Hull, Joachim, Jerry Irick, John H. Kennedy, Daniel Keweloh, Kernbeisser, Steffen Krockenberger, Thomas Krueger, Markus Laux, Timothy Lopez, Florian Lütscher, Paul Madden, Christian Maier, John Mann, Arne Marenda, Stewart McCartney, Robert McDivitt, Paul McRee, Robert Newton, Greg Pitty, Bill Pohle, David Quayle, Cedo Radanovic, Kyle Ray, Fred Reynolds, Jean Richter, Larry Roche, Randall Rose, Greg Sadler, Tom & Kristin Sansone, Greg Schelesky, Thomas Schell, Michael Siemon, Marko Sijan, Marco Spadafora, Doug Stanley, Alexandros Stavridis, Jan-Hendrik von Stemm, Keith Stephens, Gerald Stephenson, Dominik Stockmann, Scott Sturrock, Chris Thomas, Robert Thompson, Stefan Trepel, Jim Trotman, Paul Tscherne, Greg Walden, Thomas Weisengrund, Jacqueline Wilson, Nic Wurz.


"Aufrichtung des Hoheitszeichens," wall mural by Hugo Kämmerer

 


Gerald Stephenson's Reich Eagles

   Gerald Stephenson photographed these Eagles when he was a U.S. Army soldier stationed in Germany in the mid-1970s. Many of these Eagles are gone today, having fallen victim to destruction of the buildings that once held them. If any reader knows the current status of any of these, please send me an e-mail at: walden01 @ comcast.net. Many thanks to Gerald for sending these photos!

 

Bremerhaven, Hospital Frankfurt, Drake-Edwards Kaserne (torn down ca. 2003)

 

Amberg, Pond Barracks (still there in 2008, but no longer mounted on the building side - now a monument - see above) Nürnberg-Fürth, Hospital (destroyed ca. 1995)

 

Another view of the Eagle that was at the Nürnberg-Fürth Hospital (courtesy Jean Richter)

 

Garmisch, Abrams Complex (still there in 2010 - see also here) Stuttgart, Grenadier Kaserne (still there in 2006 - see above)

 

Munich, Funk Kaserne (still there in 2006 - see photo in section above) Schwäbisch-Hall, Post Office (still there in 2012 - see above)

 

Schwäbisch-Hall, Dolan Barracks Gate, with a view on the right from a 1936 postcard (Note - This building was torn down, but the eagle was saved and is now on display in the Flugplatz Museum in the Haus der Wirtschaft, Stauffenbergstraße 35-37).  (thanks to John H. Kennedy for info)

 

Schwäbisch-Hall, Dolan Barracks Rec Center (still there in 2012 - see above) Schwäbisch-Hall, Bank (still there in 2012 - see above)

 

Wiesbaden Air Base (Eagle at center and right has been painted at one time)

 


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All contents copyright © 2000-2014, Geoffrey R. Walden; all rights reserved.  All photos taken by or 
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and the rights of others who have graciously allowed me to use their photos on this page,
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This page is intended for historical research only, and no political or philosophical aims should be assumed. 
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This page initially uploaded on 20 July 2000.


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